Edge tools are among the initial tool forms, with surviving primitive axes dated to 8000 B.C.. Early axes were created by “wrapping” the red hot iron around a form, yielding the attention of the axe. The steel bit, introduced in the 18th century, was laid in to the fold at the front end and hammered into an edge. The medial side opposite the bit was later extended in to a poll, for better balance and to supply a hammering surface.
The handles took on many different shapes, some indicative or origin, others associated with function. The size of the handle had more regarding the arc of the swing that has been required. Felling axes took a full swing and therefore needed the longest handles. Early axes have their handles fitted through the attention from the most truly effective down and the handles stay in place by locking in to the taper of the attention, so they can be removed for sharpening.
Later axes, however, have their handles fit through the attention from the bottom up, and have a wedge driven in from the top. This permanently locks the handle to the axe and was much preferred by American woodsmen. Many axes found today have been discarded since the handle was split or broken off. Generally they can be purchased at a fraction of their value and, with another handle, could be restored with their original condition. Most axe collectors have an investment of older flea-market handles which they use because of this restoration. Like plane blades, axe handles might have been replaced several times through the entire life of the tool. So long as the handle is “proper,” meaning, the best shape and length because of its function, it won’t detract very much from its value.
Pricing of antique axes runs the entire gamut from a few dollars to several hundred. Types of well-made axes would are the Plumb, White, Kelly, Miller and numerous others Viking axe for sale . Beyond they were axes of sometimes lesser quality, but created to a price, and sold by the thousands. Exceptional examples might include handmade axes, possibly from the neighborhood blacksmith, or from a factory that specialized in the handmade article, aside from price.
There are many types of axes on the market such as for instance:
SINGLE BIT FELLING AXE:
This axe is recognized as the workhorse of the axe family. It is really a simple design, varying from a 2 ½ lb. head used by campers to the 4 ½ to 7 lb. head used for forest work. You will find heads utilized in lumbermen’s competition which can be up to 12lbs.. With the advent of the two-man crosscut saw, and later the energy chain saw, tree no more are taken down by axes. The axe is more an energy tool for clearing branches off the downed tree, and splitting firewood.
DOUBLE BIT FELLING AXE:
Double bit axes also have straight handles, unlike every other modern axe. Nearly all axe handles are hickory. Hickory has both strength and spring, and was found very early to be the best for axe handles. Starting in the late 1800’s several axe manufactures adopted intricate logos that have been embossed or etched on the head of the axe. Almost 200 different styles have now been identified to date and these have also become a fascinating collectible.
The broad axe is never as common since the felling axe, and is larger. It’s purpose was to square up logs into beams. It used a much shorter swing that the felling axe, therefore required a much shorter handle. The identifying feature of several axes could be the chisel edge, that allowed the back side of the axe to be dead flat. Because of that, it posed a problem of clearance for the hands. To keep the hands from being scraped, the handle was canted or swayed from the flat plane of the axe. Here is the feature that will always be looked for when buying a wide axe. If the edge is chisel-sharpened, then a handle should be swayed. Just like the felling axe, the broad axe heads have many different patterns, mostly a results of geographical preference.
The goose wing axe is one of the very most artistic looking tools on the market, and it will take it’s name from its resemblance to the wing of a goose in flight. It functions exactly since the chisel-edged broad axe, except that the American version has the handle socket more heavily bent or canted up from the plane of the blade. These axes are large and difficult to forge. Many show cracks and repairs and an original handle is rare. Signed pieces, particularly by American makers, mostly Pennsylvania Dutch, are considerably more valuable. Also worth focusing on could be the difference in value between American and European axes, the American ones being worth considerably more. Several well-known 19th century American makers whose names appear imprinted on axes are Stohler, Stahler, Sener, Rohrbach, Addams, and L.& I.J. White.